Metamorphosis – Bradley Jersak

“Listen, I tell you a mystery: 
We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed.


In St. Paul’s “resurrection chapter” (1 Corinthians 15), he develops his vision of human resurrection after the pattern of Christ. On the one hand, he indicates that after we pass from this life into the next, we will be the same person. Who you are now and your life story will be redeemed, resurrected, and glorified–not simply eradicated and recreated as if you time here were irrelevant or meaningless.

At the same time, he gropes for words to describe how radical our metamorphosis will be. From mortal to immortality, from a fleshly body to a spiritual body, but nevertheless a body. We will be glorified and ‘put on incorruption.’ We’ll become ‘imperishable.’ So there will be continuity in your personhood and also discontinuity in your … how can we say this? “Mode of being” perhaps?

One way to think about this is that your transformation from this life to the next will far exceed the change you experienced as an embryo in your mother’s womb to your life outside in this world. Imagine unborn babies trying to imagine what life will be like after their delivery? Our bodies are not just going to be ‘tweaked’ and our resurrection is no mere resuscitation. In fact, for Paul, ‘changed’ doesn’t quite say it. Elsewhere, he uses a much stronger term: metamorphosis!

For example, in 2 Corinthians 3:18, he uses the Greek word metamorphoō. Most translations render this word ‘transformed,’ and fair enough, but it’s the same word used for Jesus when he starts emanating light on the Mount of TRANSFIGURATION!

For Paul, then, Jesus Christ is that pro-type of our resurrection destiny. As Christ was transfigured, so you will be “transfigured from glory to glory into his image.” As Christ is risen with a profoundly glorified body, so you will experience a dramatic resurrection upgrade.

One illustration that Christians throughout history have latched onto is the metamorphosis of caterpillars into butterflies. It demonstrates both the continuity (same creature, same DNA) and the discontinuity (new look, new capacities). I’ve attached the above video as a minimal preview of your much greater transformation.

I would also add these fun bits of science for meditation on the analogy:

  • Source 1: The genome (entire DNA sequence) of the butterfly would be identical to that of the caterpillar in all somatic cells. A caterpillar has the genes to produce wings, for example, however, at that stage in its development, they are not ‘switched on’ to make the necessary proteins.
  • Source 2: It’s still the same creature, and in fact, has the same DNA. This is what happens: inside are enzymes that literally digest the caterpillar. It melts the caterpillar body down so that it becomes a goo, mostly. But inside of the goo are these ‘imaginal disks.’ These imaginal disks were already there inside the caterpillar and by design don’t get melted down. The imaginal disks then use the nutrients of the goo and begin growing new parts that ultimately become the butterfly.
  • Even more amazing, scientists have discovered the butterfly retains some of its memories from its caterpillar stage. They did this by programming some caterpillars to hate a particular smell. Then after metamorphosis, the butterfly (only that group) retained that same revulsion. Maybe our greatest potential is not to be successful, upgraded caterpillars, but creatures that seem to melt away only to transform into beautiful creatures with glorified capacities the like of which we could never dream.
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Brad Jersak

Bradley Jersak is an author and teacher based in Abbotsford, BC. He serves as a reader and monastery preacher at All Saints of North America Orthodox Monastery. Read More